Periodontal disease is most commonly known as gum disease.
Gum disease typically has three stages. The first stage is Gingivitis. Plaque and the bacteria with it irritate the gums, making them tender, inflamed, and your gums tend to bleed easily.
Stage two is called periodontitis. The plaque on your teeth forms into tartar. As tartar and plaque continue to build up, the gums begin to recede from the teeth. Deeper pockets form between your gums and your teeth. These pockets become filled with bacteria and even pus. The gums come to be very irritated, start to be inflamed, and will bleed very easily. You could experience slight or moderate bone loss at this stage.
Stage three is advanced periodontitis. At this stage, your teeth lose more and more support as the gums, bone, and periodontal ligaments continue to be destroyed. Without treatment, the affected teeth will become very weak, easily moved and may be lost. Moderate to severe bone loss may occur.
Periodontal Therapy has three steps generally:
- The first step is a diagnosis. Periodontal disease is diagnosed by your dentist or dental hygienist during a dental examination. This kind of exam should always be part of your regular dental check-up.
- The second step is treatment. Your actual periodontal treatment methods depend upon the type and severity of the disease you are experiencing. Your dentist and dental hygienist will evaluate for periodontal disease and recommend the appropriate treatment.
- The third step is maintenance. Proper brushing and flossing are a must.
Did you know it only takes twenty-four hours for the plaque that is not removed from your teeth to turn into tartar? Careful and thorough dental hygiene helps control plaque and tartar buildup, but those hard to reach areas will always need special attention from your dental professionals here at our office.
Gum treatment is the treatment of active gum and jaw bone disease. Gum disease treatment can slow or stop the progression of gum disease. Since there are different stages of gum disease (from gingivitis to advanced periodontitis), there are different levels of treatment. In some cases, the patient may be referred to a specialist.